Firebug adds a global variable named "console" to all web pages loaded in Firefox. This object contains many methods that allow you to write to the Firebug console to expose information that is flowing through your scripts.
console.log(object[, object, ...])
Writes a message to the console. You may pass as many arguments as you'd like, and they will be joined together in a space-delimited line.
The first argument to
log may be a string containing printf-like string substitution patterns. For example:
console.log("The %s jumped over %d tall buildings", animal, count);
The example above can be re-written without string substitution to achieve the same result:
console.log("The", animal, "jumped over", count, "tall buildings");
These two techniques can be combined. If you use string substitution but provide more arguments than there are substitution patterns, the remaining arguments will be appended in a space-delimited line, like so:
console.log("I am %s and I have:", myName, thing1, thing2, thing3);
If objects are logged, they will be written not as static text, but as interactive hyperlinks that can be clicked to inspect the object in Firebug's HTML, CSS, Script, or DOM tabs. You may also use the %o pattern to substitute a hyperlink in a string.
You may also use the %c pattern to use the second argument as a style formatting parameter. For example:
console.log('%cThis is red text on a green background', 'color:red; background-color:green');
Here is the complete set of patterns that you may use for string substitution:
|%d, %i||Integer (numeric formatting is not yet supported)|
|%f||Floating point number (numeric formatting is not yet supported)|
console.debug(object[, object, ...])
Writes a message to the console, including a hyperlink to the line where it was called.
console.info(object[, object, ...])
Writes a message to the console with the visual "info" icon and color coding and a hyperlink to the line where it was called.
console.warn(object[, object, ...])
Writes a message to the console with the visual "warning" icon and color coding and a hyperlink to the line where it was called.
console.error(object[, object, ...])
Writes a message to the console with the visual "error" icon and color coding and a hyperlink to the line where it was called.
console.assert(expression[, object, ...])
Tests that an expression is true. If not, it will write a message to the console and throw an exception.
Clears the console.
Prints an interactive listing of all properties of the object. This looks identical to the view that you would see in the DOM tab.
Prints the XML source tree of an HTML or XML element. This looks identical to the view that you would see in the HTML tab. You can click on any node to inspect it in the HTML tab.
The stack trace details the functions on the stack, as well as the values that were passed as arguments to each function. You can click each function to take you to its source in the Script tab, and click each argument value to inspect it in the DOM or HTML tabs.
console.group(object[, object, ...])
Writes a message to the console and opens a nested block to indent all future messages sent to the console. Call
console.groupEnd() to close the block.
console.groupCollapsed(object[, object, ...])
console.group(), but the block is initially collapsed.
Closes the most recently opened block created by a call to
Creates a new timer under the given name. Call
console.timeEnd(name) with the same name to stop the timer and print the time elapsed..
Stops a timer created by a call to
console.time(name) and writes the time elapsed.
Creates a time stamp, which can be used together with HTTP traffic timing to measure when a certain piece of code was executed.
title would contain the text to be printed in the header of the profile report.
Writes the number of times that the line of code where
count was called was executed. The optional argument
title will print a message in addition to the number of the count.
console.exception(error-object[, object, ...])
Allows to log provided data using tabular layout. The method takes one required parameter that represents table-like data (array of arrays or list of objects). The optional
columns parameter can be used to specify columns and/or properties to be logged (see more at softwareishard.com).
console is an object attached to the
window object in the web page.
In Firebug Lite, the console is attached as soon as Lite is installed into the page.
The console API formerly implemented a
console.firebug property. This property was removed from the API in Firebug 1.9.0 in order to prevent sites from detecting whether a user has Firebug installed.